De momento, no tengo conmigo mi mejor fuente de referencia de negocios (buscaré cuando llegue a casa). Por lo pronto, voy a transferir tu consulta al foro de Términos Financieros para ver si nuestros compañeros nos echan una mano.
I agree with Jana337. Large-cap: Large Capitalization.
I am not so sure about growth stocks. I think that it refers to growing companies : they are in sectors with huge growth every year, in opposition with 'blue chips' (well known stablished companies with a predictable low growth). As a consequence they usually funding.
Fernando, I am willing to concede you the point but note that we are not necessarily in contradiction. The rising earnings tend to translate in the pricing of stocks, don't they? Consider please this definition copied from the investopedia:
Growth stocks: Shares in a company whose earnings are expected to grow at an above average rate relative to the market.
A growth stock usually does not pay a dividend, as the company would prefer to reinvest retained earnings in capital projects. Most technology companies are growth stocks.
Note that a growth company's stock is not always classified as growth stock. In fact, a growth company's stock is often overvalued.