Hello, Could someone provide me with a minimal pair in English constrating between long "oo" and short "oo" ? Like leave vs. live for [i:] vs. / My point is actually that I expect there's none, unless from secondary formation. Indeed, after the GVS, we have : - *[u:] ==> [au] (house) - *[o:] ==> [u:] (food) (1) - * ==> [ʌ] (cut) (2) (1) Later, [u:] got sometimes shortened, impredictibly, on a word-by-word basis (ex: good [gud] vs food [fu:d]). (2) Some * failed to undergo this change : push So, the only way to get a [u:]/ minimal pair, would be to find a pair like *poosh/push, *poot/put, i.e., an historical *[o:]/* with an *[o:]==>[u:] that didn't undergo shortening, and a * that didn't undergo the [ʌ] change. One other way would be to find a secondary [u:] formation, like in fruit, cruise,... constrasting with either a shortened [u:] (good) or an inchanged (push), so giving hypothetic pairs like fruit vs. *froot [frut], or fruit vs. *frut [frut]. Any true examples ?