Norse kaupangen

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Senior Member
American English
I need some help understanding the Norse term kaupangen. I've seen it in several Scandinavian place-names. I know the word means "marketplace," the first element means "to buy" and is cognate to English cheap and German kaufen. I'm having problems finding information on the second part of the word, it doesn't seem to be related to -ing.
  • berndf

    German (Germany)
    I have looked up the possible Danish outcomes to find something in the ODS, one of my favourite resources for anything Nordic. I found an entry under Købing linking to ON kaupangr. They link -angr to German Anger. That was my first idea too when I read your question. An Anger is a meadow or pasture. So, it is a meadow where a market is held.
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