Off she went without so much as a ‘goodbye'.


Senior Member

Off she went without so much as (= without even) a ‘goodbye'.

What does mean 'off' and 'so much as' at here?

😔😔😔 İ can't understand

thank you
  • Keith Bradford

    Senior Member
    English (Midlands UK)
    Off = away. Off she went = away she went = she went away. (This inversion is common with verbs of movement: here she comes, there they go...)
    Without so much as = without even, as you yourself have said!


    Senior Member
    English - England
    “Off” is used in meaning 3 here: “in a direction so as to be away from a place”. Off - Dictionary of English
    In English the subject of the sentence usually comes first but some little words such as “off” can move forward.
    ”Without so much as” means “without even”. It is an idiom, so its origins, and its component words, are not particularly helpful for understanding its present meaning.
    Last edited:


    Senior Member
    British English (Sussex)
    Some prepositions can be fronted like this when we use a verb of motion. There is no subject-verb inversion involved.

    Here they come; off you go; off he ran; up he got; down they fell, etc.