One moves from the task-oriented time consciousness of the peasant...

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What does the underlined part mean? I have checked the meaning of all the words one by one, but it still doesn't make sense.

" Indeed, the very notion of productivity is a by-product of the clock: once one can relate performance to uniform time units, work is never the same. One moves from the task-oriented time consciousness of the peasant (working on job after another, as time and light permit) and the time-filling busyness of the domestic servant (who always had something to do) to an effort to maximize product per unit of time. " (TOEFL Exam)

  • lingobingo

    Senior Member
    English - England
    It compares different ways in which workers (used to) regard the amount of work they were getting through in a given length of time.

    For the peasant it was task-oriented. He would do one job after another, achieving as much as possible within the confines of how much time and daylight was available.
    For the domestic servant it was time-filling. He or she would simply find something else to do to fill any gap between routine tasks, so was busy the whole time.
    For the modern worker, it’s productivity-related. The aim is to maximize not the amount of work each person actually carries out, but what that work results in – the amount of ‘product’, or the number of items produced, for each unit of time (e.g. per hour or per day).
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