Persian: official seals


Senior Member
hi ,what dose '' official seals'' mean in this text? is that گنجینه های رسمی ?
In Italy, the Virgin was not only understood as a queen, but be¬
came a “surrogate monarch” in civic life. Cities such as Siena,
Pisa, Parma, Spoleto, Orvieto, and Cremona adopted her as their
patron and sometimes included her portrait in their official seals.

  • Jashn

    Senior Member
    Canadian English
    Official Seal:

    A seal is a device for making an impression in wax, clay, paper, or some other medium, including an embossment on paper, and is also the impression thus made. The original purpose was to authenticate a document, a wrapper for one such as a modern envelope, or the cover of a container or package holding valuables or other objects.


    Senior Member
    Canadian English
    If it's a wax seal, then there's a piece of wood that's pressed into the wax to make the symbol that gets left behind. Her image was put into that piece of wood, the 'seal', so that the wax impression, also called the 'seal', showed her image.

    So yes, her image was in the wax after it was pressed.

    You can see an example of the implement used to make the seal on that wikipedia page. The top right photo is an official seal that would have been pressed into wax and would have left the image in the wax that you see on it.