Persian: rainbow

Discussion in 'Indo-Iranian Languages' started by seitt, Jan 28, 2013.

  1. seitt Senior Member


    You seem to have two words for 'rainbow': رنگین کمان، قوس و قزح.

    Which is more common? Please give the exact pronunciation of both.

    Many thanks,

  2. searcher123

    searcher123 Senior Member

    My home ;-) /The Persian Gulf
    رنگين كمان (Rangiin Kamaan)
  3. rc2 Member

    India - Telugu
    A side question: Simon has listed the word in his post as "qaus-o-qazh" -- I have run into people who use "-o-" myself -- but both Platts and Steingass list the word as "qaus-i-qazh" only, with no reference to the "-o-" variant. How do I reconcile this in my mind? Or is "-o-" a wrong pronunciation of the word?

  4. Alfaaz Senior Member

    This thread might be helpful. According to it and various dictionaries, the correct pronunciation is qaus-e-quzaH. qaus-o-qazaH might be a غلط العام. In Persian, the ق seems to be pronounced like a غ (depending on regions/speakers), so perhaps ghaus-e-ghuzaH...
  5. قوس و قزح بیشتر در ادبیات به کار میرود و کاربردی در زبان روزمره ندارد
  6. darush Senior Member

    In Iran we say:/ghows o ghazah/, Arabic
    /rangiin kamaan/, Farsi
  7. fdb Senior Member

    Cambridge, UK
    French (France)
    قوس قزح is the word for ‘rainbow’ in Arabic and in classical Persian. It is a possessive construction, qawsu quzaḥa in Arabic, qaws i quza in Persian.
  8. rc2 Member

    India - Telugu

    Thank you Alfaaz saahib, for the link. The "Ghain" pronunciation apart, am I reading the reply from "ImanAkbari" to say that the "-o-" variant is pedantic and used in literature, but not in the "roz.marrah"? (dar adabeeyaat bah.kaar mee.ravad..)

  9. Common language, everyday conversation
  10. rc2 Member

    India - Telugu
    Thank you Iman -- rozmarrah is a common word used in Urdu also - I was simply wondering if I had translated the first part of your sentence correctly. Much appreciated, and seems like we now have 2 slightly conflicting responses -- with you saying BOTH are correct (one is colloquial, one is pedantic), and the other response saying it is "Ghalat.ul.'aam" to use "-o-".

    The common factor here then is that "qaus-i-qazh" is acceptable to both the respondents.
  11. seitt Senior Member

    Many thanks, excellent.
  12. seitt Senior Member

  13. Treaty Senior Member

    There is also another word آزفنداک [āzfandāk] that is far less used than the other two. It was mainly used in Middle and early New Persian.

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