I would venture the distinction that puberty is biological and adolescence is psychological Adolescence usually begins at puberty and continues thereafter...As a statement of a generality, yes. But puberty and adolescence have different meanings. It is not possible to say when "adolescence" starts - "adolescence" is a somewhat subjective term. It is relatively easy to detect [the exterior effects of] rising hormone levels to indicate a rough onset of puberty.
Our WR dictionary is rather clinical about it and describes adolescence as the period between (the beginning of) puberty and adulthood.I don't see adolescence and starting collocating very well, as "adolescence" is more nebulous.
I'd say adolescence. Of course, some people remain in this "phase" forever.In general, which one has better collocation with "rebellious phase"?