a) person who escapes for refuge or safety
b) person BANISHED from native land by others
c) person fleeing from prosecution, intolerable circumstances
a/c are simialr but not b.
I'd say war-ravaged as you shatter dreams maybe, but not a country.
They are not. Refugees is the word you want, since it implies a voluntary escape from a bad situation. Exiles are people sent away intentionally by a group or government, and fugitives are criminals who have yet to be captured.