Rome was also one of Europe’s most important financial centres, whose moneylenders provided gold to popes, and to visitors who needed to bribe their way to a favourable result in the city’s new international Church court, which had recently been established by Gregory VII. Rome’s middle-class clerks and minor clergy, builders and soldiers, artisans and shopkeepers enjoyed comfortable lives. The rents they paid were low and many leased two or three homes, along with a little land outside the city. Most owned a horse and a suit of chain mail and on the first Sunday of Lent, when throngs of Romans made their way to the hill of discarded amphorae, This is from a book 'Rome: A History in Seven Sackings. In the text, I'd like to know if 'clerks' here means 'clergymen', instead of office workers? Any comments would be appreciated.