...scored thrice as many runs against Australia as he had/did in 1993.

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Karen123456

Senior Member
Malaysia English
In 1994 the batsman scored thrice as many runs against Australia as he had/did in 1993.

Can either verb be used?

Thanks.
 
  • Cenzontle

    Senior Member
    English, U.S.
    You have two past events, one before the other.
    You've mentioned the later one (1994)—in the simple past tense, "scored"—before the earlier one (1993).
    If there were any possibility that the order of the two events might be unclear, you could use the past perfect ("had [scored]") in referring to the earlier event.
    But in this case—since the order of the events is made absolutely clear by the dates—it is not required to use the past perfect, and "did" is perfectly acceptable also.
    Suppose the batsman played one season with team X, and the following year with team Y.
    Then the past perfect would be useful, and perhaps required, in a sentence such as this:
    "He scored twice as many runs with team Y as he had with team X" (to show the chronological order of X and Y).
     
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