"She considers him (to be) a genius."

  • GuitarMaestro

    Senior Member
    USA English
    Because in the second sentence, there is a "him," which refers to who she thinks is a genius. In the first sentence, leaving out the "to be" leaves out the self reference.
     

    JamesM

    Senior Member
    I'm curious to know why you can't omit "to be" in "I pretend to be a genius." but you can in the following sentence.
    I can't say definitively why, cheshire, but different words have different "implied connectors".

    With "he pretends", the implied word is "that".

    "He pretends (that) a genius willed him all his secrets of life."

    We hear the "that" if you say:

    "He pretends a genius..."

    We're waiting for the remainder of the sentence, which never comes, so it sounds awkward and incomplete. We think, "He pretends a genius.... did what?"
     

    cheshire

    Senior Member
    Catholic (Cat-holic, not Catholic)
    JamesM, your explanation makes perfect sense!
    Thank you!

    "I consider him an artist." There is no "I consider him SV." form, there's no possiblity of coming a verb next to "artist."

    "*I pretend an artist." There is "I pretend (that) SV." So, it leaves ambiguity.
     

    cheshire

    Senior Member
    Catholic (Cat-holic, not Catholic)
    (1) I consider that John is an artist.
    (2) I consider John is an artist.
    (3) I consider John to be an artist.
    (4) I consider John an artist.

    In which order would you prefer?
     

    Orange Blossom

    Senior Member
    U.S.A. English
    They are all equally fine. Which you would use would depend more on the tone you want to set in your writing.

    Edit: Reading your post again, I wouldn't use version number 2.

    Orange Blossom
     
    < Previous | Next >
    Top