<Short of> a miracle,

park sang joon

Senior Member
Korean
1. Short of a miracle, we're certain to lose.
<source: Oxford Learner's Dictionary- short of (doing) something: http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/short_2#short_2__103>

2. If (being) short of a miracle, we're certain to lose.
3. Because (being) short of a miracle, we're certain to lose.

I'd like to know whether I should interpret #1 to #2 or #3.

Thank you in advance for your help.
 
  • natkretep

    Moderato con anima (English Only)
    English (Singapore/UK), basic Chinese
    Here's Oxford Dictionaries:
    Short of
    Without going so far as (some extreme action):
    short of putting out an all-persons alert, there’s little else we can do
     
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