I wonder where you got that one – Maltese kawkba means “mahogany”!Maltese kawkba is probably an Arabic loanword.
...which is the colloquial name for star, from the Byz. Gr. neuter diminutive «ἀστέρι(ο)ν» astéri(o)n of the Classical 3rd declension masc. «ἀστήρ» ăstḗr (nom. sing.), «ἀστέρος» ăstérŏs (gen. sing.), which has also produced the formal MoGr masc. «ἀστέρας» [aˈste.ɾas] (PIE *h₂ster- star cf Skt. तारा (tārā) -the absence of the s- is unexplained- Hitt. ḫasterza, Av. stār-əm, ToA śre/ToB ścirye, Lat. stēlla < *stēr-lā, Proto-Germanic *sternǭ, Arm. աստղ (astł)).Greek:
I'm wondering about the etymology of зоря, зірка and зірниця, as they seem to be different from the name for 'star' in most other Slavic languages (Russian звезда, etc.).Ukrainian: зоря, зірка, зірниця, (archaic) звізда
Thanks! So зірка/зірниця can be taken to be derived/diminutive forms of зоря ? BTW in the old (1927) Polish etymological dictionary by Brückner the word 'zorza' seems to be lumped together with words (such as dozór supervision, dozorca watchman, nadzór supervision, pozór appearance) which rather clearly derive from the root zьrěti.
Thanks! I'll just mention that Wikitionary on the etymology of 'gray' says that it comes from PIE ǵhreh 'to green, to grow' [perhaps a typo and it should be 'to glow'?] and lists as related OCS зьрѭ 'to see', Russian зреть and Lithuanian žeriù 'to shine'. I don't know where the etymological information of Wikitionary ultimately comes from. On the other hand the 'Online etymology dictionary' (I haven't checked its ultimate source) for 'gray' says that it has 'no certain connections outside Germanic.' So the whole situation is unclear. I think it is safe to say that at the proto-Slavic stage (~500 CE) the 'to glow' and 'to see' roots were definitely separate, and with less certainty they were so at the proto Balto-Slavic one (~?1000 BCE).In Machek's Etymologický slovník jazyka českého the words záře/zoře (OCS зарѩ/зорѩ < *zar-ja) and zříti (OCz. zřieti < *zьr-ě-ti) are listed separately, záře is related to Lith. žėrėti and žėruoti, zříti is related to Lith. žiūrėti. Machek explicitly excluded any connection between them two.