The caged bird flew away (passive voice question)

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us english
To identify the passive voice, I tell my students to look for the past participle, a "be" verb, and an actual or potential "by" phrase (e.g., "Fords are made in Detroit"; the potential "by" phrase being "by Ford motor company."

In the sentence, "The caged bird flew away," I fear the "caged bird" also contains a potential "by" phrase (a potential or embedded passive construction): The bird that was caged (by its owner) flew away. And yet I want to insist that "caged" is simply a participle.

Any thoughts?
Last edited:
  • Andygc

    Senior Member
    British English
    moundflower. Please edit your post to include the sentence you are discussing - it is not sufficient to use it only in the thread title.
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