The USA is reluctant or the USA are reluctant

  • handsomechuck

    Senior Member
    American English (NYC region)
    Singular because it's one political entity, despite comprising many smaller political entities, which enjoy a good deal of autonomy. This might interest you:

    SHELBY FOOTE: Before the war [Civil War], it was said “the United States are.” Grammatically, it was spoken that way and thought of as a collection of independent states. And after the war, it was always “the United States is,” as we say to day without being self-conscious at all. And that’s sums up what the war accomplished. It made us an “is.”
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