Discussion in 'All Languages' started by dihydrogen monoxide, Jul 5, 2008.

  1. dihydrogen monoxide Senior Member

    Slovene, Serbo-Croat
    I'm looking for languages for which the word twin doesn't have the number two as a root. Meaning word for twin in your languages that has nothing to do with number two.
  2. Outsider Senior Member

    Portuguese (Portugal)
    I think that Latin and the Romance languages qualify.

    In Portuguese:

    two: dois (m), duas (f)
    twin: gémeo/gêmeo (m), gémea/gêmea (f)

    In French:

    two: deux
    twin: jumeau (m), jumelle (f)
  3. sayah Senior Member

    Lawrence, KS
    Spain. Spanish
    Yeah. In Spanish it's the same:

    two: dos

    Twin: gemelo / gemela

  4. valo__fan

    valo__fan Senior Member

    Yeah in Turkish too;
    Twin:İkizler(iki means two)
  5. kusurija

    kusurija Senior Member

    Lithuania, K. city
    Lithuania Czech
    What about gemini in English?
    Gemini = blíženci(Czech)
  6. Outsider Senior Member

    Portuguese (Portugal)
    Gemini is a loan from Latin, and it's only used for the astrological sign.
  7. Mjolnir

    Mjolnir Senior Member

    Israel, Hebrew, English
    Two - שתיים (shtaim)
    Twin - תאום (teom).
  8. federicoft Senior Member

    In Italian, not differently from other Romance languages obviously:

    two - due
    twin - gemello

    Gemello comes from Latin geminus, which means 'identical'.
  9. elroy

    elroy Motley mod

    Chicago, IL
    US English/Palestinian Arabic bilingual
    Arabic, like Hebrew, qualifies:

    two: إثنان (ithnaan)
    twin: توأم (taw'am)
  10. Saluton Banned

    Moscow, Russia
    two = два (dva)
    twin = близнец (bliznets); the constellation is also called Близнецы (Bliznetsy, i.e. Twins).
  11. atiman New Member

    I think you mean Turkish does not qualifies... :d
    ps: twin:ikiz
    not ikizler
    Last edited by a moderator: Jul 8, 2008
  12. Dr. Quizá

    Dr. Quizá Senior Member

    Esuri - Huelva York.
    Spain - Western Andalusian Spanish.
    In Spanish we have two words: "Gemelos" and "mellizos". Both have the same meaning although usually "gemelos" are used for identical twins and "mellizos" for the non-identical ones. Also, they have the same root, so if one in not related to two ("dos") neither is the other.
  13. jana.bo99

    jana.bo99 Senior Member

    Cro, Slo
    Hi dihydrogen monoxide,

    You could write it in Croatian:

    Two - dva
    Twin - blizanci.


    Two - dve (only two): two - dva (normally)
    Twin - dvojćka


    Two - zwei
    Twin - Zwillinge (die Zwillinge)
  14. OldAvatar Senior Member

    Not available for Romanian. In Romanian it is only gemeni, no matter the number of them. From Latin gemini.

    Of course, modern Romanian has tripleţi, cvadrupleţi etc. for defining the number of twins, but these are loanwords.
  15. Encolpius

    Encolpius Senior Member

    Praha (Prague)
    magyar (Hungarian)
    Very interesting

    Hungarian: iker [now no relation with two, but originally 1000 years ago there was, Turkish iki, eki]
  16. AutumnOwl Senior Member

    In both Swedish and Finnish the words for two and twin are connected.
  17. arielipi Senior Member

    תאומים teomim is twin
    שתיים שניים shtayim or shnayim is two.
  18. apmoy70

    apmoy70 Senior Member

    In Greek:

    «Δίδυμος, -μη, -μο» ['ðiðimos] (masc.), ['ðiðimi] (fem.), ['ðiðimo] (neut.) (sing.) --> twin
    «Δίδυμοι, -μες, μα» ['ðiðimi] (masc.) ['ðiðimes] (fem.), ['ðiðima] (neut.) (pl.) --> twins
    The Constellation Gemini, is «Δίδυμοι» ['ðiðimi].

    Adj. «δίδυμος» ['ðiðimos] < Classical «δίδυμος» dídumŏs & poetic «διδυμάων» dĭdŭmáōn < compound, word-forming element meaning two, twice, double, «δί-» dí-, from numeral «δύο» dúŏ --> two (PIE *dwo-, two) + thematic form of «δύο», «δυ-» du- + productive suffix «-μος, -μη, -μον» -mŏs (masc.), -mē (fem.), - mŏn (neut.)
  19. AquisM Senior Member

    Hong Kong
    Mmm... Not sure how Chinese would be viewed here, since in Chinese twins are associated with the idea of pair, which I supposed is related to two, but not exactly. Anyway you decide whether or not it fits.

    二 (Mandarin: er; Cantonese: yi) - two
    两 (Mandain: liang; Cantonese: loeng) - two (measure word - we would count with 二 but say 两杯水 - two cups of water)

    双胞胎 (Mandarin: shuang bao tai; Cantonese: soeng baau toi) - twins (双 means pair)
    孖生仔 (Cantonese: maa saang zai - dialectal) - twins (孖 is a dialectal word for pair)
  20. mataripis

    mataripis Senior Member

    In Tagalog; Two is Dalawa, Pair is "Tambalan" and twin is "Kambal.
  21. Penyafort

    Penyafort Senior Member

    Catalan (Catalonia), Spanish (Spain)
    Catalan differs here from the rest of the Romance languages by not using a word derived from GEMELLU, but the word bessó (bessons in the plural). For a Catalan speaker, it is not linguistically related to the word 'two' (which is dos/dues), but the two theories about the origin of the word point towards it: a Latin form *bissone, from bis 'twice', and a pre-Roman form *bikione/bekione, based on either Basque 'two' or an Indo-European word for 'pair, couple'.
  22. ilocas2 Senior Member

    Is it related to Spanish name Iker?
  23. SuperXW

    SuperXW Senior Member

    Another formal word in Chinese is 孪生子 (孿生子). 孪 itself contains the meaning of "twin".
  24. 810senior

    810senior Senior Member

    Japanese terms are simply associated with numbers such as one, two, three...

    一人っ子hitorikko: only child (hitori=one person, kko=child)
    双子futago: twin (futa=two, go=child)
    三つ子mitsugo: triplet (mitsu=three)
    四つ子yotsugo: quadruplet (yotsu=four)

    I have come up with another translation for it: 双生児(sou-sei-ji, an infant born together): sou means a pair, sei means to be born and ji means an infant.
  25. mundiya Senior Member

    Hindi, English, Punjabi
    In Hindi it's जुड़वाँ (juRvaaN).
  26. Messquito

    Messquito Senior Member

    台灣台北 Taipei, Taiwan
    Chinese - Taiwan 中文 Taiwanese Hokkien 臺語
    I would like to add, in case somebody don't know, that 雙胞胎 can be also the name of a food in Taiwan.
    A 雙胞胎 is two round-shaped bread sticking together; that's why it's called 雙胞胎。
    So next time, don't be freaked out and give a you-are-a-barbarian look if someone says "我們去吃雙胞胎吧!"
  27. 810senior

    810senior Senior Member

    I should add something to my original post: the pronunciation of 双生児(twin) and ソーセージ(sausage) is same in Japanese(even in English), it sounds a bit funny.
  28. ilocas2 Senior Member

    In Czech párek means pair (diminutive) and sausage
  29. SuperXW

    SuperXW Senior Member

    It seems twins are always delicious...

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