Ukrainian: soft sign before і

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Panceltic

Senior Member
Slovenščina
Hello,

Wiktionary says that the nominative plural of “весь” is “всі”, but the genetive is “всьіх”.

How is the soft sign explained? I though that і by itself palatalizes the preceding consonant.

Thanks!
 
  • Awwal12

    Senior Member
    Russian
    Maybe it's some sort of a typo? I'm not a big expert on Ukrainian orthography, but Google translates Russian "всех" as "всіх", and it's the spelling I usually see.
    I though that і by itself palatalizes the preceding consonant.
    In Standard Ukrainian yes, /i/ can follow only soft consonants - which is reflected in the modern orthography. However, many dialects reflect the more archaic situation, where /i/ could follow both hard (/i/ < /*o/, /*e/) and soft (/i/ < /*ě/) consonants. The misspelling may be somehow related to that fact. You can also encounter the spelling "всїх" (which is archaic and not supported by the modern standard; however, in some of the older orthographies it was exactly intended to mark the distinction between the softening and the non-softening /i/).
     
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