Hmm, do you have a cite from any actual dictionary for this "orginal" definition? I thought it derived from "fascio":In the 90's fascism was defined in the Oxford, and other mainstream dictionaries, generally as "corporate or business controlled governments", and now all the main dictionaries have removed any reference to corporations or business from their entries.
In Italy: an organized political group, typically advocating radical or revolutionary change and active within a particular region or locality; spec. any of a number of nationalist groups formed in the period around the First World War (1914–18) which were ultimately given coherent organization by the formation of the National Fascist Party in 1921.
The earliest fasci were democratic or socialist popular movements, most prominently the Fasci sicilian (more fully Fasci siciliani dei lavoratori, ‘Sicilian Workers' League’). Subsequently, political organizations of this kind became associated with nationalist and anti-communist groups, especially those formed and led by Benito Mussolini.
A previous thread:My next question is in regards to the proper pronunciation of niche, but I'm sure that there is an on going thread for that.
You would need to have a good memory for someone who was reading about fascism in 1922, when the word first appeared in print in English.As I mentioned, I am going by memory regarding the earlier definitions
before, in 1958, gaining a modifier "specifying the particular aspect of life or sphere of activity concerned."Any form of behaviour perceived as autocratic, intolerant, or oppressive; esp. the advocacy of a particular viewpoint or practice in a manner that seeks to enforce conformity
I'm relying on the OED rather than memory.A. Ellis Sex without Guilt xiv. 168 Sex fascism is a major subheading under what I call intellectual fascism—which I find..to be perhaps the most pandemic and virulent psychosocial disease of our times.
Welcome, PaulYes, the definition of Fascism was changed in American dictionaries since 1984. Here is the definition from my childhood dictionary.
A system of government that exercises a dictatorship of the extreme right, typically through the merging of state and business leadership, together with a belligerent nationalism.
The American Heritage Dictionary 1976
(1) The definition is from The American Heritage Dictionary 1976Welcome, Paul
(1) That's one American dictionary.
(2) You don't give us the dictionary's new definition.
(3) If the American Heritage did change its 1976 definition, it's most likely because it realized it was an extremely poor one.
We mentioned the OED earlier in the thread. Fascism first appeared in A Supplement to the New English Dictionary (1933) then in OED Second Edition (1989). In that the definition was as you quote it. The later version with additional meanings (post #12) appeared in OED Third Edition (June 2014) - fully updated. The difference between the Oxford definition and the one being discussed here is that the Oxford editor has not conflated political opinion with meaning. Safire's New Political Dictionary (post #9) could justify a biased definition - it is, after all, a political dictionary.I was rather startled to see that my OED doesn't even list the word, but I found it in the Supplement.
Fascism. Also in It. form Fascismo, and with small initial. The principles and organization of Fascists. Also, loosely, any form of right-wing authoritarianism.
The topic question is about two definitions, not one:The difference between the Oxford definition and the one being discussed here.
I believe the essential query is 'When did the latter definition first appear in a dictionary?'
Post #1 asked if the USA changed the definition, and post #3 made an incorrect attribution to an Oxford dictionary and said, wrongly, that it had been changed. I don't know how you get to 'When did the latter definition first appear in a dictionary?'a system of government characterized by rigid one-party dictatorship, forcible suppression of the opposition (unions, other, especially leftist parties, minority groups, etc.) the retention of private ownership of the means of production under centralized government control, belligerent nationalism and racism, glorification of war, etc.: first instituted in Italy in 1922.