with it the Aramaic script, from which derive

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Oswinw011

Senior Member
Chinese
Superficial parallelism vs Actual Parallelism.. - The Beat The GMAT Forum - Expert GMAT Help & MBA Admissions Advice
The Achaemenid empire of Persia reached the Indus Valley in the fifth century B.C., with it the Aramaic script, from which derive both northern and southern Indian alphabets.(Keyword for search: Achaemenid)

Hi, everyone
The line is from a GMAT forum. Can you help me understand the construction of the bold phrase?

My guess: with it (The Achaemenid empire of Persia) the Aramaic script (omitted: reached the Indus Valley in the fifth century B.C.). (Is it right? )

From which(the script) derive...?
Both northern and southern Indian alphabets derive from the script.
 
Last edited:
  • entangledbank

    Senior Member
    English - South-East England
    I would add 'and' before 'with': 'and with it' ('it' = the advancing Achaemenid empire). Without 'and', it's barely acceptable. In a novel I might let it pass, but in working text like this it should be clearer.

    Then there's inversion - unnecessary inversion, since in this case you could also write it 'from which both . . . alphabets derive'. I suppose the inversion was chosen to put the short verb before the long subject.
     
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